Topic Extraction based on Continuous Speech Recognition in Broadcast News Speech

Katsutoshi OHTSUKI  Tatsuo MATSUOKA  Shoichi MATSUNAGA  Sadaoki FURUI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E85-D   No.7   pp.1138-1144
Publication Date: 2002/07/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Speech and Hearing
Keyword: 
topic extraction,  topic word,  relevance score,  continuous speech recognition,  broadcast news,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we propose topic extraction models based on statistical relevance scores between topic words and words in articles, and report results obtained in topic extraction experiments using continuous speech recognition for Japanese broadcast news utterances. We attempt to represent a topic of news speech using a combination of multiple topic words, which are important words in the news article or words relevant to the news. We assume a topic of news is represented by a combination of words. We statistically model mapping from words in an article to topic words. Using the mapping, the topic extraction model can extract topic words even if they do not appear in the article. We train a topic extraction model capable of computing the degree of relevance between a topic word and a word in an article by using newspaper text covering a five-year period. The degree of relevance between those words is calculated based on measures such as mutual information or the χ2-method. In experiments extracting five topic words using a χ2-based model, we achieve 72% precision and 12% recall for speech recognition results. Speech recognition results generally include a number of recognition errors, which degrades topic extraction performance. To avoid this, we employ N-best candidates and likelihood given by acoustic and language models. In experiments, we find that extracting five topic words using N-best candidate and likelihood values achieves significantly improved precision.