Hybrid Integration Technologies Using Planar Lightwave Circuits and Developed Components

Takeshi KITAGAWA  Yuji AKAHORI  Ikuo OGAWA  Yuichi TOHMORI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E85-C   No.4   pp.1009-1017
Publication Date: 2002/04/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Issue on Recent Progress of Integrated Photonic Devices)
Category: Hybrid and Passive Devices
Keyword: 
optical hybrid integration,  planar lightwave circuit,  silica-based optical waveguide,  semiconductor optical devices,  

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Summary: 
We describe hybrid integration technologies that employ silica-based planar lightwave circuit (PLC) platforms, and report several high-performance optical components based on these technologies. First, we describe the requirements for optical integrated circuits. Then, we discuss the technologies used in hybrid integration, namely optical coupling between a semiconductor optical device and a silica waveguide, electrical signal transmission to the semiconductor optical device, and high quality optical signal processing. In addition, we describe optical integrated circuits developed for short- and long-haul networks. We realized these high-performance integrated components by combining appropriate hybrid integration technologies.