Progress in Self-Assembled Quantum Dots for Optoelectronic Device Application

Yasuhiko ARAKAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E85-C   No.1   pp.37-44
Publication Date: 2002/01/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Issue on Recent Progress in Semiconductor Lasers and Light-Emitting Devices)
Category: 
Keyword: 
quantum dots,  semiconductor laser,  quantum dot lasers,  MOCVD,  nano structures,  nano technologies,  GaN,  

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Summary: 
Optical properties and growth of self-assembled quantum dots (SAQDs) for optoelectronic device applications are discussed. After briefly reviewing the history of research on QD lasers, we discuss growth of InAs SAQDs including the light emission at the wavelength of 1.52-µm with a narrow linewidth (22 meV) and the area-controlled growth which demonstrates formation of SAQDs in selected local areas on a growth plane using a SiO2 mask with MOCVD growth. Then properties of the InGaAs AQDs are investigated by the near-field photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy which reveals gradually increasing continuum absorption connected with the two-dimensional-like (2D-like) wetting layer, resulting in faster relaxation of electrons due to a crossover between 0D and 2D character in the density of states. In the coherent excitation spectroscopy, the decoherence time is determined to be about 15 ps, which is well explained by the phonon induced relaxation mechanism in the SAQDs. Finally, nitride-based SAQDs and perspective of QD optical devices are also discussed.