A Temperature- and Supply-Insensitive Fully On-Chip 1 Gb/s CMOS Open-Drain Output Driver for High-Bandwidth DRAMs

Young-Hee KIM  Jong-Doo JOO  Jae-Kyung WEE  Jin-Yong CHUNG  Young-Soo SOHN  Hong-June PARK  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E85-C   No.1   pp.204-211
Publication Date: 2002/01/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electronic Circuits
supply-insensitive,  voltage-insensitive,  open-drain,  output driver,  high-bandwidth DRAMs,  

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A fully on-chip open-drain CMOS output driver was designed for high bandwidth DRAMs, such that its output voltage swing was insensitive to the variations of temperature and supply voltage. An auto refresh signal was used to update the contents of the current control register, which determined the transistors to be turned-on among the six binary-weighted transistors of an output driver. Because the auto refresh signal is available in DRAM chips, the output driver of this work does not require any external signals to update the current control register. During the time interval while the update is in progress, a negative feedback loop is formed to maintain the low level output voltage (VOL) to be equal to the reference voltage (VOL.ref) which is generated by a low-voltage bandgap reference circuit. Test results showed the successful operation at the data rate up to 1 Gb/s. The worst-case variations of VOL.ref and VOL of the proposed output driver were measured to be 2.5% and 7.5% respectively within a temperature range of 20 to 90 and a supply voltage range of 2.25 V to 2.75 V, while the worst-case variation of VOL of the conventional output driver was measured to be 24% within the same ranges of temperature and supply voltage.