Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser--Progress and Prospects--

Kenichi IGA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E85-C   No.1   pp.10-20
Publication Date: 2002/01/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Issue on Recent Progress in Semiconductor Lasers and Light-Emitting Devices)
Category: 
Keyword: 
surface emitting laser,  vertical-cavity surface emitting laser,  VCSEL,  distributed Bragg reflector,  LAN,  

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Summary: 
The vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) is becoming a key device in high-speed optical local-area networks (LANs) and even wide-area networks (WANs). This device is also enabling ultra parallel data transfer in equipment and computer systems. In this paper, we will review its physics and the progress of technology covering the spectral band from infrared to ultraviolet by featuring materials, fabrication technology, and performances such as threshold, output power, polarization, modulation and reliability. Lastly, we will touch on its future prospects.