Design of the HomeMAC: QoS Based MAC Protocol for the Home Network

Won-Joo HWANG  Hideki TODE  Koso MURAKAMI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E85-B   No.5   pp.1002-1011
Publication Date: 2002/05/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
home network,  QoS,  timed token protocol,  MAC protocol,  HomePNA,  

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Summary: 
Progress in the fields of broadband access networks and information appliances has led to the introduction of a new network domain called Home Network. In 1999, HomePNA 2.0 using phone lines was proposed, and we believe it is one of the most promising solutions, because of its cost-effectiveness. However, it is not able to guarantee the QoS due to the adaptation of the mature IEEE802.3 CSMA/CD technology which is used for Ethernet. In light of this, we propose and evaluate a new MAC protocol for the Home Network called the HomeMAC that provides guaranteed QoS for appliances and PCs. HomeMAC features a hybrid CSMA/CD-Timed Token protocol which combines the CSMA/CD with timed token protocol and transmits real-time traffic based on the QoS Level Table (QLT) for guaranteeing QoS. In the HomeMAC, there are two different transmission modes, namely, the CSMA/CD Mode when there is no real-time traffic, and the Timed Token Mode when there is real-time traffic taking place. By dynamically switching the transmission mode between CSMA/CD Mode and Timed Token Mode in accordance with the different kinds of traffic, the hybrid protocol provides low delay, low jitter, and low loss rate to multimedia appliances such as TVs, DVDs, and PCs. Moreover, by providing flexible bandwidth allocation based on QLT, the HomeMAC can serve high QoS whole covering entire offered load.