Effects of Macrodiversity and Microdiversity on CDMA Forward-Link Capacity

Lin DAI  Shi-dong ZHOU  Yan YAO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E85-B    No.4    pp.748-757
Publication Date: 2002/04/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technology
CDMA,  forward-link capacity,  macrodiversity,  microdiversity,  

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Both macrodiversity and microdiversity can effectively overcome the harmful effect of fading. Much of previous work focused on their benefits to the reverse link in CDMA systems. However, their effects on the forward link are less well understood. In this paper, we analyze the CDMA forward-link capacity with macrodiversity and microdiversity. It is shown that macrodiversity causes forward-link capacity loss since the extra forward-link channels supported by the involved base stations enhance not only the received signal power, but also the total interference. Unfortunately the latter gains more whatever power allocation scheme is adopted. Based on the analysis of the cause of capacity loss, we further present a new transmission scheme, in which some joint control among the involved base stations is made to assure that the signals arrived at the desired mobile in phase and simultaneously. The simulation results show that in the new transmission scheme much higher capacity can be achieved with macrodiversity and the capacity increases rapidly with the number of involved base stations. A comparison of the forward-link capacity with microdiversity and macrodiversity indicates that both types of diversity can bring benefits to the forward-link capacity. However, with macrodiversity higher capacity can be obtained at the cost of complexity.