A Hierarchical Packet Fair Queueing-Based ACK Spacing Mechanism for TCP/IP over Internet Backbone

Hong-Bin CHIOU  Sheng-Der CHIN  Zsehong TSAI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E85-B   No.1   pp.305-317
Publication Date: 2002/01/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Internet
QoS,  Internet,  TCP/IP,  scheduling,  

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We proposed an improved Hierarchical Packet Fair Queueing (H-PFQ) mechanism, using ACK Spacing, for efficient bandwidth management of TCP traffic over Internet. According to the pre-determined bandwidth sharing and the class hierarchy of all TCP sessions, we design an algorithm to calculate the required time intervals between consecutive ACK packets of each TCP session to avoid packet drops due to buffer overflow. We demonstrated via computer simulations that the proposed improvement techniques may result in much better performance than merely original H-PFQ mechanism used in the forward direction in the sense that not only effective throughput of the bottleneck link is improved but also the fairness among TCP sessions can be maintained.