Fast Algorithm for Solving Matrix Equation in MoM Analysis of Large-Scale Array Antennas

Qiang CHEN
Qiaowei YUAN

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E85-B    No.11    pp.2482-2488
Publication Date: 2002/11/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antenna and Propagation
antenna,  antenna array,  moment method,  matrix equation,  iterative method,  

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A new iterative algorithm based on the Gauss-Seidel iteration method is proposed to solve the matrix equation in the MoM analysis of the array antennas. In the new algorithm, the impedance matrix is decomposed into a number of sub matrices, which describe the self and mutual impedance between the groups of the array, and each sub matrix is regarded as a basic iteration unit rather than the matrix element in the ordinary Gauss-Seidel iteration method. It is found that the convergence condition of the ordinary Gauss-Seidel iteration scheme is very strict for the practical use, while the convergence characteristics of the present algorithm are greatly improved. The new algorithm can be applied to the sub domain MoM with a fast convergence if the grouping technique is properly used. The computation time for solving the matrix equation is reduced to be almost proportional to the square of the number of the array elements. The present method is effective in MoM analysis of solving large-scale array antennas.