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A Fragile Digital Watermarking Technique by Number Theoretic Transform
Hideaki TAMORI Naofumi AOKI Tsuyoshi YAMAMOTO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2002/08/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section on Digital Signal Processing)
Category: Image/Visual Signal Processing
digital watermarking, detecting alterations, discrete Fourier transform (DFT), number theoretic transform,
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This paper suggests that a watermarking technique based on the number theoretic transform (NTT) may effectively be employed for detecting alterations on lossless digital master images. Due to its fragility, the NTT-based technique is sensitive to detecting alterations, compared with that based on the discrete Fourier transform (DFT).