Adaptive Estimation of Transfer Functions for Sound Localization Using Stereo Earphone-Microphone Combination

Toshiharu HORIUCHI  Haruhide HOKARI  Shoji SHIMADA  Takashi INADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E85-A   No.8   pp.1841-1850
Publication Date: 2002/08/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Digital Signal Processing)
Category: Applications of Signal Processing
virtual sound source,  HRTF,  ECTF,  adaptive filtering,  initial value,  

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A sound localization method based on the adaptive estimation of inverse Ear Canal Transfer Functions (ECTFs) using a stereo earphone-microphone combination is proposed. This method can adaptively obtain the individual's transfer functions to fit the listener in real-time. We evaluate our sound localization method by studying the relationship between the estimation error of inverse ECTFs and the auditory sound localization score perceived by several listener. As a result, we clarified that the estimation error required of inverse ECTFs are less than -10 dB. In addition, we describe two adaptive inverse filtering methods in order to realize real-time signal processing implementation using affine projection algorithm and discusses the convergence time of an adaptive inverse filter to determine the initial value. It is clarified that method 2 based on copy weights with initial value is more effective than method 1 with filtered-x algorithm, in terms of convergence, if the initial value is the average of many listeners' impulse responses for our sound localization method.