OFDM Demodulation Method with Variable Effective Symbol Duration

Noriyoshi SUZUKI
Tsutayuki SHIBATA
Nobuo ITOH

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E85-A    No.7    pp.1665-1674
Publication Date: 2002/07/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multi-dimensional Mobile Information Networks)
multi-carrier modulation,  orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM),  multipath fading,  orthogonalization,  

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In an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system, the bit error performance is degraded in the presence of multiple propagation paths whose excess delays are longer than the Guard Interval (GI), because the orthogonality between subcarriers cannot be maintained. Therefore, the GI has to be long enough for an expected delay spread of the channel. On the other hand, a long GI causes a decrease in transmission efficiency. In this paper, we propose a new OFDM demodulation method with a variable effective symbol duration, in order to improve the bit error performance in the presence of multipaths whose excess delays are longer than the GI. The proposed method can realize more stable radio communication systems under a multipath propagation environment even if a propagation path whose excess delay is longer than the GI exists. In other words, the proposed method can improve transmission efficiency without performance degradation by a shortened GI under the same environment. The principle of the proposed method is explained, and the bit error probability of the proposed method is analyzed theoretically in an AWGN channel and a multipath fading channel. The performance of the proposed method is then evaluated by computer simulation. The results show that the proposed method improves the system availability under more various multipath fading environments without changing the system parameters.