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Optimum Bandwidth per Sub-Carrier of Multicarrier/DS-CDMA for Broadband Packet Wireless Access in Reverse Link
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2002/07/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multi-dimensional Mobile Information Networks)
broadband packet wireless access, reverse link, multicarrier/DS-CDMA, optimum bandwidth,
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This paper elucidates the optimum bandwidth per sub-carrier in the reverse link for multicarrier (MC)/DS-CDMA using a 10 to 80-MHz bandwidth in a multipath fading channel with numerous resolved multipaths, taking into account all major effects, i.e., the improvement in the Rake time diversity effect and the degradation in the path search and the channel estimation due to multipath interference (MPI). In the paper, we assume a broadband channel model with the maximum delay time of up to approximately 1 µsec simulating a microcell with the radius of less than 1 km in an urban area. The simulation results clarify that the improvement in the radio link performance is almost saturated at a bandwidth greater than approximately 40 MHz when the spreading factor of the channel is SF=32, and the best performance is achieved at the bandwidth of approximately 20-40 MHz when SF=4, employing two-branch antenna diversity reception (an average equal power delay profile and an exponential decay power delay profile are assumed, where the number of multipaths is changed from 12 to 48 for both profiles). This is generated by the tradeoff between the improvement in the Rake time diversity effect and the increased MPI in addition to the degradation in accuracy of the path search and channel estimation associated with a lower average received signal-to-interference plus background noise power ratio. Therefore, we conclude that MC/DS-CDMA, where each sub-carrier has the bandwidth of approximately 20-40 MHz, is one of the most promising candidates for broadband packet wireless access in the reverse link.