Experiments on Adaptive Antenna Array Transmit Diversity in W-CDMA Forward Link

Atsushi HARADA  Shinya TANAKA  Mamoru SAWAHASHI  Fumiyuki ADACHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E85-A   No.7   pp.1612-1623
Publication Date: 2002/07/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multi-dimensional Mobile Information Networks)
adaptive antenna array,  DS-CDMA,  mobile radio,  

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This paper proposes adaptive antenna array transmit diversity (AAA-TD) in the W-CDMA forward link with frequency division duplexing (FDD), based on adaptively-generated receiver antenna weights in the reverse link, which only track the changes in the average signal-to-interference power ratio (SIR) and direction of arrival (DOA) but with the calibration of the phase/amplitude variations of the parallel RF receiver/transmitter circuits corresponding to the number of array antennas. The laboratory and field experimental results exploiting AAA-TD are presented to show the strong multipath interference (MPI) suppression effect especially from high-rate users with large transmission power. Laboratory experiments elucidate that by using AAA-TD with four antennas, the required transmitted SIR before multiplying the transmitter antenna weights at the average BER of 10-3 is decreased by approximately 13 dB compared to that with one omni-directional antenna transmitter. Field experiments also show that although an error floor above 10-2 is observed with one omni-directional antenna transmitter when the transmitted SIR is -12 dB due to severe MPI, no error floor is observed when employing 4-antenna AAA-TD and the loss of the required received signal power at the average BER of 10-3 from the single-user case is suppressed to below approximately 5 dB. Therefore, we show that AAA-TD is very effective in suppressing severe MPI especially from high rate users with large transmission power due to its adaptive main lobe and null steering.