Highly Stable and Low Phase-Noise Oven-Controlled Crystal Oscillators (OCXOS) Using Dual-Mode Excitation

Yasuaki WATANABE  Kiyoharu OZAKI  Shigeyoshi GOKA  Takayuki SATO  Hitoshi SEKIMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E85-A   No.2   pp.329-334
Publication Date: 2002/02/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuit Techniques and Related Topics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
oven controlled crystal oscillators,  SC-cut quartz crystal resonators,  temperature compensation,  frequency-temperature stability,  phase noise,  

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Summary: 
A highly stable oven-controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO) with low phase-noise characteristics has been developed using a dual-mode SC-cut quartz crystal oscillator. The OCXO uses a conventional oven-control system for coarse compensation and a digital-correction system, which uses B-mode signal in an SC-cut resonator as a temperature sensor, for fine compensation. Combining these two forms of compensation greatly improves the stability of the C-mode frequency without requiring a double-oven system. The experimental results indicated that the frequency stability of the proposed OCXO, including the frequency-temperature hysteresis, is ten times better than that of a conventional, free-running OCXO. The results also indicated that the proposed OCXO has good frequency retraceability and low phase-noise characteristics.