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A Cascode Crystal Oscillator Suitable for Integrated Circuits
Koji HOSAKA Shinichi HARASE Shoji IZUMIYA Takehiko ADACHI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2002/02/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuit Techniques and Related Topics)
crystal oscillator, cascode crystal oscillator, start-up time, frequency stability, area size,
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A cascode crystal oscillator is widely used for the stable frequency source of mobile communication equipments. Recently, IC production of the cascode crystal oscillator has become necessary. The cascode crystal oscillator is composed of a colpitts crystal oscillator and a cascode connected base-common buffer amplifier. The base bypass condenser prevents the area size reduction. In this paper, we have proposed the new structures of the cascode crystal oscillator suitable for integrated circuits. The proposed circuits have the advantages on reduction of the area size and start-up time without deteriorating the frequency stability against the load impedance variation and other performances. The simulation and experiment have shown the effectiveness of the proposed circuits.