Online SNR Estimation for Parallel Combinatorial SS Systems in Nakagami Fading Channels

Shigenobu SASAKI
Hisakazu KIKUCHI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E85-A    No.12    pp.2847-2858
Publication Date: 2002/12/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Spread Spectrum Techniques and Applications)
multi-code DS/SS,  online SNR estimation,  iterative decoding,  Nakagami fading channels,  

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In this paper, an online SNR estimator is proposed for parallel combinatorial SS (PC/SS) systems in Nakagami fading channels. The PC/SS systems are called as partial-code-parallel multicode DS/SS systems, which have the higher-speed data transmission capability comparing with conventional multicode DS/SS systems referred to as all-code-parallel systems. We propose an SNR estimator based on a statistical ratio of correlator outputs at the receiver. The SNR at the correlator output is estimated through a simple polynomial from the statistical ratio. We investigate the SNR estimation accuracy in Nakagami fading channels through computer simulations. In addition, we apply it to the convolutional coded PC/SS systems with iterative demodulation and decoding to evaluate the estimation performance from the viewpoint of error rate. Numerical results show that the PC/SS systems with the proposed SNR estimator have superior estimation performance to conventional DS/SS systems. It is also shown that the bit error rate performance using our SNR estimation method is close to the performance with perfect knowledge of channel state information in Nakagami fading channels and correlated Rayleigh fading channels.