Biometrics Systems: Anatomy of Performance

Anil JAIN  Sharath PANKANTI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E84-D   No.7   pp.788-799
Publication Date: 2001/07/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Biometric Person Authentication)
biometrics,  identity theft,  performance evaluation,  person identification,  security,  

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An accurate automatic personal identification is critical to a wide range of application domains such as access control, electronic commerce, and welfare benefits disbursement. Traditional personal identification methods (e.g., passwords, and PIN) suffer from a number of drawbacks and are unable to positively identify a person. Biometrics refers to automatic identification of an individual based on her distinct physiological and/or behavioral traits. While biometrics is not an identification panacea, it is beginning to provide very powerful tools for a variety of new applications (e.g., cellular phones, smart cards and international border control) requiring positive identification. This paper attempts to summarize important research issues in biometrics.