Key Agreement Protocols Resistant to a Denial-of-Service Attack

Shouichi HIROSE  Kanta MATSUURA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E84-D   No.4   pp.477-484
Publication Date: 2001/04/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Applications of Information Security Techniques
key agreement protocol,  denial-of-service (DoS) attack,  resource-exhaustion attack,  Diffie-Hellman key agreement protocol,  

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In this manuscript, two key agreement protocols which are resistant to a denial-of-service attack are constructed from a key agreement protocol in [9] provably secure against passive and active attacks. The denial-of-service attack considered is the resource-exhaustion attack on a responder. By the resource-exhaustion attack, a malicious initiator executes a key agreement protocol simultaneously as many times as possible to exhaust the responder's resources and to disturb executions of it between honest initiators and the responder. The resources are the storage and the CPU. The proposed protocols are the first protocols resistant to both the storage-exhaustion attack and the CPU-exhaustion attack. The techniques used in the construction are stateless connection, weak key confirmation, and enforcement of heavy computation. The stateless connection is effective to enhancing the resistance to the storage-exhaustion attack. The weak key confirmation and the enforcement of heavy computation are effective to enhancing the resistance to the CPU-exhaustion attack.