An Automatic Colon Segmentation for 3D Virtual Colonoscopy

Mie SATO  Sarang LAKARE  Ming WAN  Arie KAUFMAN  Zhengrong LIANG  Mark WAX  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E84-D   No.1   pp.201-208
Publication Date: 2001/01/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Medical Engineering
Keyword: 
volumetric segmentation,  3D virtual colonoscopy,  partial-volume-effect,  

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Summary: 
The first important step in pre-processing data for 3D virtual colonoscopy requires careful segmentation of a complicated shaped colon. We describe an automatic colon segmentation method with a new patient-friendly bowel preparation scheme. This new bowel preparation makes the segmentation more appropriate for digitally removing undesirable remains in the colon. With the aim of segmenting the colon accurately, we propose two techniques which can solve the partial-volume-effect (PVE) problem on the boundaries between low and high intensity regions. Based on the features of the adverse PVE voxels on the gas and fluid boundary inside the colon, our vertical filter eliminates these PVE voxels. By seriously considering the PVE on the colon boundary, our gradient-magnitude-based region growing algorithm improves the accuracy of the boundary. The result of the automatic colon segmentation method is illustrated with both extracted 2D images from the experimental volumetric abdominal CT datasets and a reconstructed 3D colon model.