Photonic Core Node Based on a 2.56-Terabit/s Opto-Electronic Switching Fabric

Soichiro ARAKI  Naoya HENMI  Yoshiharu MAENO  Kazuhiko MATSUDA  Osamu NAKAKUBO  Masayuki SHINOHARA  Yoshihiko SUEMURA  Akio TAJIMA  Hiroaki TAKAHASHI  Seigo TAKAHASHI  Hiromi KOGANEMARU  Ken-ichi SAISHO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E84-C   No.5   pp.485-492
Publication Date: 2001/05/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Joint Special Issue on Recent Progress in Optoelectronics and Communications)
Category: Communication Networks
optical packet switch,  WDM,  ATM,  IP,  scheduler,  

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This paper proposes Photonic Core Node based on a 2.56-Terabit/s opto-electronic switching fabric, which can economically handle the rapidly increasing multimedia traffics, such as Internet traffic. We have successfully developed the first prototype of Photonic Core Node. The prototype consists of a single-stage full-crossbar opto-electronic switching fabric, super-packet buffers for input queuing, and a desynchronized-round-robin scheduler. The switching fabric is upgradable up to 2.56 Tb/s, and employs wavelength-division-multiplexing techniques, which dramatically reduce the total number of optical switching elements down to one-eighth the number of those used in a conventional switching fabric. The super-packet buffer assembles 16 ATM cells routed to the same output port into a single fixed-length packet. The super-packet-switching scheme drastically reduces the overhead of optical switching from 32 to 2.9%, although it tends to decrease effective throughput. The desynchronized-round-robin scheduler maintains nearly 100% effective throughput for random traffic, recursively resolving the contention of connection requests in one scheduling routine while keeping fairness in a round robin manner. The proposed Photonic Core Node can accommodate not only ATM switching but also WDM optical path grooming/multiplexing, and IP routing by using IP input buffer interfaces, because optical switches are bit-rate/format-independent.