A Spread Spectrum Clock Generator for EMI Reduction

Hung-Wei CHEN  Jiin-Chuan WU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E84-C   No.12   pp.1959-1966
Publication Date: 2001/12/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Integrated Electronics
spread spectrum,  EMI,  SSDPLL,  frequency synthesizer,  variation average,  

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This paper described a new method to generate a spread spectrum clock for the purpose of EMI reduction. This method uses two phase-locked loops (PLL). The output of the first PLL is locked to its input of 14.318 MHz. The VCO in this PLL is used to produce 32 outputs with the same frequency and each with 11.25 degrees phase variation. A digital spread spectrum generator uses these 32 signals to generate the desired spread spectrum signal by phase hopping technique. These two circuits form a spread spectrum digital PLL (SSDPLL). The second PLL is configured as a conventional frequency synthesizer. It can be programmed to generate the desired frequencies. The second PLL also serves as a low pass filter of the output of the SSDPLL to smooth out frequency variation. This circuit was implemented with a 0.6 µm single poly CMOS process. The active areas of the SSDPLL and the synthesizer are 826396 µm2 and 790298 µm2, respectively. The total power consumption is 99 mW at 3.3 V supply. The peak power of the spread spectrum clock is reduced by 10 dBm at 14.318 MHz output with a 2.34% frequency spreading. The reduction of peak power increases with output frequency.