Image Reconstruction of a Buried Conductor by the Genetic Algorithm

Chien-Ching CHIU  Ching-Lieh LI  Wei CHAN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E84-C   No.12   pp.1946-1951
Publication Date: 2001/12/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on New Technologies in Signal Processing for Electromagnetic-wave Sensing and Imaging)
genetic algorithm,  buried conductor,  image reconstruction,  inverse scattering,  

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In this paper, genetic algorithms is employed to determine the shape of a conducting cylinder buried in a half-space. Assume that a conducting cylinder of unknown shape is buried in one half-space and scatters the field incident from another half-space where the scattered filed is measured. Based on the boundary condition and the measured scattered field, a set of nonlinear integral equations is derived and the imaging problem is reformulated into an optimization problem. The genetic algorithm is then employed to find out the nearly global extreme solution of the object function such that the shape of the conducting scatterer can be suitably reconstructed. In our study, even when the initial guess is far away from the exact one, the genetic algorithm can avoid the local extremes and converge to a reasonably good solution. In such cases, the gradient-based methods often get stuck in local extremes. Numerical results are presented and good reconstruction is obtained both with and without the additive Gaussian noise.