Low Vbe GaInAsN Base Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors

Roger E. WELSER  Paul M. DELUCA  Alexander C. WANG  Noren PAN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E84-C   No.10   pp.1389-1393
Publication Date: 2001/10/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Joint Special Issue on Heterostructure Microelectronics with TWHM 2000 (Topical Workshop on Heterostructure Microelectronics 2000))
Category: III-V HBTs
Keyword: 
InGaP/GaAs HBT,  AlGaAs/GaAs HBT,  GaInNAs,  bipolar transistor,  turn-on voltage,  

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Summary: 
We report here on the electrical and structural characteristics of InGaP/GaInAsN DHBTs with up to a 50 mV reduction in turn-on voltage relative to standard InGaP/GaAs HBTs. High p-type doping levels ( 3 1019 cm-3) and dc current gain (βmax up to 100) are achieved in GaInAsN base layer structures ranging in base sheet resistance between 250 and 750 Ω/. The separate effects of a base-emitter conduction band spike and base layer energy-gap on turn-on voltage are ascertained by comparing the collector current characteristics of several different GaAs-based bipolar transistors. Photoluminescence measurements are made on the InGaP/GaInAsN DHBTs to confirm the base layer energy gap, and double crystal x-ray diffraction spectrums are used to assess strain levels in the GaInAsN base layer.