Novel Design Method for Antennas for Selection Diversity on Wireless Terminals

Syuichi SEKINE
Noriaki ODACHI
Hiroki SHOKI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E84-B    No.9    pp.2451-2459
Publication Date: 2001/09/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Innovation in Antennas and Propagation for Expanding Radio Systems)
Category: Mobile Antennas
antenna selection diversity,  hand-held phone,  inverted-F antenna,  monopole antenna,  FDTD method,  

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This paper presents a novel design method for reducing the complexity of the design procedure for diversity antennas on the hand-held phone. Recently, antenna selection diversity has been widely used for hand-held phones in order to overcome a problem of fading. A monopole antenna and an inverted-F antenna are the typical combination for this purpose. In the case of the conventional design method, the mutual coupling between two antennas are used for improving the diversity performance. However, strong mutual coupling often makes the diversity antenna design difficult and degrades the radiation performance. The proposed design method suppresses this coupling by tuning the terminating impedance on the unselected antenna and improves the diversity performance by modifying the shape of inverted-F antenna. The validity of the proposed method is investigated under the effect of the user's hand and head by FDTD simulation.