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Adaptive Video Frame Rate Control over Explicit Rate Networks Based on Channel Rate Prediction
Myeong-jin LEE Jae-kyoon KIM
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2001/07/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Multimedia Systems
frame rate control, channel rate prediction, end-to-end delay, explicit rate feedback,
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In this paper, we propose an adaptive video frame rate control method, called AFCON, that video encoders use in conjunction with explicit rate based congestion control in the network. First, an encoder buffer constraint which guarantees the end-to-end delay of video frames is derived under the assumption of bounded network transmission delay for every frame data. AFCON is based on the constraint and consists of future channel rate prediction, frame discarding, and frame skipping. Recursive Least-Squares (RLS) is used to predict the low-frequency component of the channel rate. Frame discarding prevents the delay violation of frames due to the prediction error of the channel rate. Frame skipping adapts the encoder output rate to the channel rate while avoiding abrupt quality degradation during the congestion period. From the simulation results, it is shown that AFCON can adapt to the time-varying rate channel with less degradation in temporal resolution and in PSNR performance compared to the conventional approach.