Fast Two-Step Beam Tracking Algorithm of Coherent Adaptive Antenna Array Diversity Receiver in W-CDMA Reverse Link

Taisuke IHARA  Shinya TANAKA  Mamoru SAWAHASHI  Fumiyuki ADACHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E84-B   No.7   pp.1835-1848
Publication Date: 2001/07/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Adaptive Array Antenna Techniques for Advanced Wireless Communications)
Category: Application to CDMA
DS-CDMA,  adaptive antenna array,  beam tracking,  mobile radio communication,  

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In wideband direct sequence code division multiple access (W-CDMA), employing an adaptive antenna array is a very promising technique to reduce severe multiple access interference (MAI) especially from high rate users. This paper proposes a fast and accurate two-step beam tracking algorithm implemented in a pilot symbol-assisted coherent adaptive antenna array diversity (CAAAD) receiver and evaluates its performance both by computer simulation and laboratory experiments. In the proposed scheme, the receiver antenna weights are updated by using both the signal-to-interference power ratio (SIR) measurements employing multiple sets of antenna weights (MSAW) and an adaptive algorithm based on the minimum mean square error (MMSE) criterion, in which other sets except for a original set of antenna weights are simply generated by a original set. Computer simulation results show that antenna weights of a four-antenna CAAAD receiver using the proposed beam tracking algorithm tracks changes in the direction of arrival (DOA) of the desired user at up to 34.3 degrees/sec, which corresponds to 215 km/h at 100 m from a base station. We also confirm based on the experiments in a radio anechoic room that the generated antenna weights track the DOA changes up to 12.3 degrees/sec.