Reliable Multicast Protocol with a Representative Acknowledgment Scheme for Wireless Systems

Yasuhiko INOUE
Masataka IIZUKA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E84-B    No.4    pp.853-862
Publication Date: 2001/04/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Mobile Multimedia Communications)
multicast,  reliability,  retransmission,  station group,  

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To improve the reliability and efficiency of multicast transmissions in wireless systems, a novel retransmission procedure is desired. In this paper, the representative acknowledgment scheme for reliable wireless multicast communications is proposed that offers quite a low packet loss rate. The proposed protocol carries out retransmissions in the datalink layer within the wireless region, and retransmissions do not affect the traffic in the wired region. The representative acknowledgment scheme employs both positive acknowledgment (ACK) and negative acknowledgment (NACK) to achieve reliable multicast transmissions and reduces the number of responses to be returned by forming groups of stations in the cell. One of the members in a group, called a representative station, returns a response for a received data frame while the others return a NACK if necessary. With this scheme, reliable multicast transmissions are enabled in wireless communications without spending much time as in conventional reliable multicast protocols. The performance of the proposed protocol is evaluated by numerical analyses and by computer simulation. The results show that 30% or more decrease in transmission time is achieved in a typical wireless environment.