Erlang Capacity of Voice/Data DS-CDMA Systems with Prioritized Services

Insoo KOO  Eunchan KIM  Kiseon KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E84-B   No.4   pp.716-726
Publication Date: 2001/04/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Mobile Multimedia Communications)
voice/data,  DS-CDMA,  call admission control,  Erlang capacity,  

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In this paper, we propose a Call Admission Control (CAC) scheme for the Direct Sequence-Code Division Multiple Access (DS-CDMA) systems supporting voice and data services and analyze the Erlang capacity under the proposed CAC scheme. Service groups are classified by Quality of Service (QoS) requirements such as the required Bit Error Rate (BER) and information bit rate, and Grade of Service (GoS) requirement such as required call blocking probability. Different traffics require different system resources based on their QoS requirements. In the proposed CAC scheme, some system resources are reserved exclusively for handoff calls to have high priority over new calls. Additionally, the queueing is allowed for both new and handoff data traffics that are not sensitive to delay. As a performance measure of the suggested CAC scheme, Erlang capacity is introduced. For the performance analysis, a four-dimensional Markov chain model is developed. As a numerical example, Erlang capacity of an IS-95B type system is depicted, and optimum values of system parameters such as the number of reservation channels and queue lengths are found. Finally, it is observed that Erlang capacity is improved more than 2 times by properly selecting the system parameters with the proposed CAC scheme. Also, the effect of handoff parameters on the Erlang capacity is observed.