Analysis of Erlang Capacity for Voice/Data DS-CDMA Systems with the Limited Number of Channel Elements

Insoo KOO  Jeongrok YANG  Kiseon KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E84-B   No.3   pp.527-538
Publication Date: 2001/03/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Innovative Mobile Communication Technologies at the Dawn of the 21st Century)
Erlang capacity,  voice/data,  IS-95B,  DS-CDMA,  

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In this paper, we propose an analytical procedure for the Erlang capacity in the reverse link of the DS-CDMA systems supporting voice and data services with the limited number of channel elements. Especially, we focus on IS-95B type systems with sectorized directional antenna that support the medium data rates for data traffic by aggregating multiple codes in both directions, to and from the mobile device. For the performance analysis, a 6-dimensional Markov chain model is developed, and the Erlang capacity is depicted as a function of the offered traffic loads of voice and data. The call blocking is caused not only by the scarcity of channel elements that perform the baseband spread spectrum signal processing for the given channel in the base station, but also by insufficient available channels per sector. The effect of the different Grade of Service (GoS) requirements on the Erlang capacity is observed, and the optimum values of the system parameters such as channel elements are selected with respect to the Erlang capacity. Furthermore, we expand our approach to the multi-FA systems that support multiple CDMA carriers more than one. It is observed that Erlang capacity for a high FA can be well estimated through the linear regression with the Erlang capacity results of low FAs.