Characteristics of Interference between Direct-Sequence Systems and Frequency-Hopping Systems of 2.4-GHz-Band Mid-Speed Wireless LANs

Kazuhiro TAKAYA
Yuji MAEDA
Nobuo KUWABARA

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E84-B    No.2    pp.204-212
Publication Date: 2001/02/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technology
Keyword: 
2.4-GHz-band mid-speed wireless LAN,  interference,  direct-sequence,  frequency-hopping,  

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Summary: 
2.4-GHz-band mid-speed (1- to 2-Mbit/sec) wireless LAN systems are being widely used in offices and factories. Electromagnetic interference can occur between these systems because they use the same frequency range. In this paper, we investigate the characteristics of the interference between wireless LAN systems that use direct-sequence (DS) systems and frequency-hopping (FH) systems. The interference characteristics were measured for three DS systems and one FH system that meet the IEEE 802.11 and RCR standards and that use different modulation methods. Our results indicate that throughput depends on the system and the modulation method. We have also developed a model that can be used to calculate the interference characteristics between DS and FH systems by considering the bandwidth of their transmission signals, the dwell time of the FH system, and the time that the DS system needs to transmit a data frame. We used this model to calculate the bit error rate (BER) characteristics of the systems used in our experiment, and the results indicate that BER characteristics depend on the modulation method. The throughput characteristics of the systems used in our experiment were also calculated, and agreed with the experiment results within +/- 5 dB. The throughput characteristics of wireless LAN systems based on IEEE 802.11 were also calculated when the signal level was higher than the receiver noise level. The results show that FH systems require a D/U ratio about 7 or 8 dB higher than the ratio required in DS systems because the parameters in the standard differ between FH and DS systems.