Annealed Hopfield Neural Network with Moment and Entropy Constraints for Magnetic Resonance Image Classification

Jzau-Sheng LIN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E83-D   No.1   pp.100-108
Publication Date: 2000/01/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Biocybernetics, Neurocomputing
simulated annealing,  mean field annealing,  annealed Hopfield neural network,  magnetic resonance image,  

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This paper describes the application of an unsupervised parallel approach called the Annealed Hopfield Neural Network (AHNN) using a modified cost function with moment and entropy preservation for magnetic resonance image (MRI) classification. In the AHNN, the neural network architecture is same as the original 2-D Hopfield net. And a new cooling schedule is embedded in order to make the modified energy function to converge to an equilibrium state. The idea is to formulate a clustering problem where the criterion for the optimum classification is chosen as the minimization of the Euclidean distance between training vectors and cluster-center vectors. In this article, the intensity of a pixel in an original image, the first moment combined with its neighbors, and their gray-level entropy are used to construct a 3-component training vector to map a neuron into a two-dimensional annealed Hopfield net. Although the simulated annealing method can yield the global minimum, it is very time-consuming with asymptotic iterations. In addition, to resolve the optimal problem using Hopfield or simulated annealing neural networks, the weighting factors to combine the penalty terms must be determined. The quality of final result is very sensitive to these weighting factors, and feasible values for them are difficult to find. Using the AHNN for magnetic resonance image classification, the need of finding weighting factors in the energy function can be eliminated and the rate of convergence is much faster than that of simulated annealing. The experimental results show that better and more valid solutions can be obtained using the AHNN than the previous approach in classification of the computer generated images. Promising solutions of MRI segmentation can be obtained using the proposed method. In addition, the convergence rates with different cooling schedules in the test phantom will be discussed.