Spectroscopic Determination of Temperature and Metal-Vapor for Copper Breaking Arc by Using a CCD Color Camera and an Additional Filter

Mitsuru TAKEUCHI  Takayoshi KUBONO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E83-C   No.9   pp.1377-1384
Publication Date: 2000/09/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Current Electromechanical Devices and Their Materials with Recent Innovations)
Category: 
Keyword: 
arc discharge,  copper,  spectroscopy,  temperature,  metal-vapor,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, the distributions of two spectral intensities along the axis of an arc column of the breaking arc are measured by using a combination of a CCD color camera and an additional filter, and arc temperature and metal-vapor quantity are calculated, when copper electrodes interrupt circuits of dc 50 V/3.3 A and 5.0 A. As results; The spectral intensities of excited copper atoms are the strongest near the cathode and become weaker with distance from the cathode in the small number of breaking arcs. The spectral intensities become strong near the anode in the large number of breaking arcs. The average arc temperature in the cross-section of an arc column is high near both the cathode and the anode, and the temperature distribution in the cross-section of the arc column is high at the axis of the arc column, and the arc temperature along the axis of the arc column is high near both the cathode and the anode. The metal-vapor quantity is low near both the cathode and the anode, and it is much at the center of the arc column.