A Photoelectric Property of Merocyanine LB Film Cell Utilizing Surface Plasmon Polariton Excitation

Kazunari SHINBO  Takaaki EBE  Futao KANEKO  Keizo KATO  Takashi WAKAMATSU  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E83-C   No.7   pp.1081-1087
Publication Date: 2000/07/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Organic Molecular Electronics for the 21st Century)
Category: Ultra Thin Film
Keyword: 
surface plasmon polariton,  attenuated total reflection measurement,  photoelectric effect,  merocyanine,  LB film,  

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Summary: 
Short-circuit photocurrents (ISC) utilizing surface plasmon polariton (SPP) excitation were investigated for the merocyanine (MC) LB film photoelectric device. The device has a prism/MgF2/Al/MC LB film/Ag structure. In the attenuated total reflection (ATR) configuration, SPPs were resonantly excited at the interfaces between MgF2 and Al (MgF2/Al) and between Ag and air (Ag/air). The thickness and the dielectric constants of the layers were evaluated from the ATR measurements. Short-circuit photocurrents, ISCs, as a function of the incident angle of the laser beam were observed simultaneously during the ATR measurements. In the ISC curves, large and small peaks were observed, and the peak angles of the ISC almost corresponded to the dip angles of the ATR curves due to the SPP excitations. Electric fields and optical absorptions in the cell were calculated using the dielectric constants and the film thickness obtained from the ATR measurements. The calculated absorption in the MC layer as a function of the incident angle corresponded to the ISC curve. It was thought that the optical absorption in the MC layer affected directly to the profile of the ISC. Furthermore, the calculated absorption in the cell with the prism and the MgF2 layer exhibited much larger than that of the cell without them. It was estimated that the photocurrents were enhanced by the excitation of SPPs in the ATR configuration.