River Levee Change Detection Using Distributed Fiber Optic Strain Sensor

Hiroshi NARUSE  Yasuomi UCHIYAMA  Toshio KURASHIMA  Shuji UNNO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E83-C    No.3    pp.462-467
Publication Date: 2000/03/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Optical Fiber Sensors)
Category: System Applications and Field Tests
river levee,  slope face,  collapse,  strain,  fiber optic sensor,  monitoring,  

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Since river levee collapse causes great damage, it is socially very important to prevent such disasters by using a monitoring system which can detect changes in the state of a river levee. To investigate the possibility of detecting the collapse of a levee slope at an early stage, we performed an experiment in which we used artificial rainfall and penetration to collapse a full-scale levee model, and measured the change in the levee state using a detection system during collapse. The system consists of sensor plates, a distributed fiber optic strain sensor, and a personal computer. With this system, the stretching produced in the sensor plates by the force resulting from the movement of the soil on the levee slope face is detected as strain by a sensing optical fiber fixed to the plates. Since the distributed fiber optic strain sensor can measure strain continuously and for a long distance along a fiber, it is suitable for monitoring civil structures such as river levees. The experiment confirmed that a change in a levee can be clearly detected when the slope face collapse progresses near the place where the sensor plates are buried. The results suggest the feasibility of being able to foresee the collapse of a levee slope.