Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing in Fiber-Optic Micro-Probe Array for Ultrasonic Field Measurements

Yasuto HIJIKATA  Kentaro NAKAMURA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E83-C   No.3   pp.293-297
Publication Date: 2000/03/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Optical Fiber Sensors)
Category: Physical and Mechanical Sensors
Keyword: 
fiber-optic probe,  array,  wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM),  Mega-hertz ultrasonic field,  optical cavity,  Fabry-Perot resonator,  

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Summary: 
For measuring high frequency ultrasonic fields which are often spatially distributed and transient, an array probe with small element sensors is highly required. In this paper, we propose a fiber-optic micro-probe array which is based on wavelength-division-multiplexing technique. The element sensor consists of a micro optical cavity of 100 µm long made at the end of optical fiber. Optical path length of the cavity is changed by the applied acoustic field, and the modulation of output light intensity is monitored at another end of the fiber for the information of the acoustic field. Array of sensor elements and a light source as well as a photo detector are connected together by an optical star coupler. The Fabry-Perot resonance wavelength of each sensor element is designed different one another, and the outputs from the sensors are discriminated by sweeping the wavelength of light source with the use of a tunable semiconductor laser. In this paper, the performance of the micro-probe array is discussed experimentally.