Onboard Surface Detection Algorithm for TRMM Precipitation Radar

Toshiaki KOZU  Shinsuke SATOH  Hiroshi HANADO  Takeshi MANABE  Minoru OKUMURA  Ken'ichi OKAMOTO  Toneo KAWANISHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E83-B   No.9   pp.2021-2031
Publication Date: 2000/09/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Advances in Radar Systems)
spaceborne radar,  rain radar,  TRMM,  surface tracking,  

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An algorithm that detects the surface echo peak position in a radar echo range profile has been developed for the TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR). The purpose of the surface echo peak detection is to determine the range window in which "over-sample" data are collected. The surface echo position in the range profile is variable due to the systematic change of satellite geodetic altitude and surface topography. The dynamic control of the over-sample range window using the surface detection algorithm contributes significantly to the reduction of PR data rate that should be sent to the ground station. The algorithm employs an α-β tracking filter and has three functions; surface tracking, lock-off detection and tracking loop initialization. After the launch of the TRMM satellite, a series of initial check-out of the PR was conducted. The performance of the algorithm was evaluated through the initial check-out and two-years operation of the PR. The results indicate that the algorithm is working as expected and basically meets the specification; however, it is found that some functions such as the tracking loop initialization algorithm need to be improved.