Target Distance and Velocity Measurement Algorithm to Reduce False Targets in FMCW Automotive Radar

Masashi MITSUMOTO  Naohisa UEHARA  Shigeho INATSUNE  Tetsuo KIRIMOTO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E83-B   No.9   pp.1983-1989
Publication Date: 2000/09/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Advances in Radar Systems)
radar,  FMCW,  target detection,  false target,  

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A Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) radar using only in-phase channel is advantageous for automotive applications. In this radar, it is necessary to search the pairs of beat frequencies in an up-chirp mode and a down-chirp mode to measure the distances and the velocity of multiple targets similarly to a FMCW radar with both of in-phase and quadrature-phase channel. However the number of combinations to search the pairs is larger than that for the FMCW radar with both of in-phase and quadrature-phase channel. Therefore, false targets by mistaking the combination of these pairs increase. In this paper, we propose a novel measurement algorithm to reduce the false targets. We extract only the beat frequencies of the relatively moving targets using the differential frequency power spectrum of the up-chirp mode and the down-chirp mode. We can reduce the number of selected incorrect pairs by separating the stationary targets and the moving targets. We have conducted some simulations to confirm the capability of the proposed measurement algorithm. It was shown that the false target appearance probability is reduced without significant deterioration of the target detection probability.