Theoretical Analysis on the Performance of Optimal Combining for Multipath Waves Distributed in Spatial and Time Domains

Takashi INOUE  Yoshio KARASAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E83-B   No.7   pp.1426-1434
Publication Date: 2000/07/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technology
Keyword: 
wideband signals,  fading depth,  Rayleigh fading,  eigenvalue decomposition,  maximal ratio combining,  

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Summary: 
This paper theoretically analyzed the performance of the RAKE combining (in the time domain), maximal ratio combining (in the spatial domain), and two-dimensional RAKE combining (in the spatial and time domains) techniques for multipath fading environments, where multipath waves are distributed in the spatial and time domains. The analysis was based on a diversity combining technique that employed the eigenvalues of the covariance matrix between branch signals. It was found that the performance of the fading mitigation was normalized by the beamwidth of an array antenna, for various parameters such as the number of antenna elements, angular spread, and angle of arrival.