Controlling Power-Distribution-Plane Resonance in Multilayer Printed Circuit Boards

Takashi HARADA  Hideki SASAKI  Yoshio KAMI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E83-B   No.3   pp.577-585
Publication Date: 2000/03/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Recent Progress in Electromagnetic Compatibility Technology)
Category: EMC Design of PCB
EMC,  EMI,  printed circuit board,  power distribution plane resonance,  transmission-line theory,  

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This paper describes the mechanisms of power-distribution-plane resonance in multilayer printed circuit boards and the techniques to control the resonance. The power-distribution-plane resonance is responsible for high-level emissions and circuit malfunctions. Controlling the resonance is an effective technique, so adequate characterization of the resonance is necessary to achieve control. The resonance characteristics of four-layer printed circuit boards are investigated experimentally and theoretically by treating the power-distribution planes as a parallel-plate transmission line with decoupling circuits. Analysis of the forward traveling wave shows that the resonance frequency is determined by the phase delay due to wave propagation and by the phase progress of interconnect inductance in the decoupling circuit. Techniques to control the resonance characteristics are investigated. The resonance can be shifted to a higher frequency by adding several decoupling circuits adjacent to the existing decoupling capacitor or by increasing the number of via holes connecting the capacitor mounting pads to the power-distribution planes.