A Novel Adaptive Array Utilizing Frequency Characteristics of Multi-Carrier Signals

Mitoshi FUJIMOTO  Kunitoshi NISHIKAWA  Tsutayuki SHIBATA  Nobuyoshi KIKUMA  Naoki INAGAKI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E83-B   No.2   pp.371-379
Publication Date: 2000/02/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Radio Communication
Keyword: 
adaptive array,  mobile communication,  multi-carrier,  CMA,  

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Summary: 
A novel algorithm for an adaptive array that is suitable for a multi-carrier transmission will be proposed in this paper. In an adaptive array, signals received by antenna elements are weighted and combined together. In the proposed algorithm, distortion of a spectrum of the combined signal is detected and weight coefficients for each antenna element are controlled so that the spectrum of the combined signal becomes flat. Concept of the proposed algorithm can be interpreted as the CMA which is applied to signals sampled in the frequency domain. Furthermore, a configuration of the adaptive array will be shown. Signals separated in a receiver of the multi-carrier transmission are utilized to detect the distortion of the signal spectrum. By adopting the proposed configuration, the spectrum of the multi-carrier signal can be easily detected. In order to investigate the performance of the proposed adaptive array, computer simulation has been carried out. Numerical results show that; 1) A desired wave is captured well even if an interference wave is narrow band signal and is stronger than the desired wave. 2) Suppression performance for a co-channel interference wave depends on both a symbol timing and SIR of arrival waves. If the symbol timing of the interference wave greatly differs from the timing of FFT window of the receiver, the desired wave can be captured even if the co-channel interference wave is stronger more than 10 dB compared with the desired wave. The conventional CMA adaptive array has a serious problem that the narrow band interference wave is captured when it is stronger than the desired wave. On the other hand, it is extremely rare that the proposed adaptive array captures the narrow band interference wave. Therefore, it can be said that the proposed adaptive array is a robust system compared with the conventional system.