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Very Long Baseline Connected Interferometry via the STM-16 ATM Network
Hitoshi KIUCHI Yukio TAKAHASHI Akihiro KANEKO Hisao UOSE Sotetsu IWAMURA Takashi HOSHINO Noriyuki KAWAGUCHI Hideyuki KOBAYASHI Kenta FUJISAWA Jun AMAGAI Junichi NAKAJIMA Tetsuro KONDO Satoru IGUCHI Takeshi MIYAJI Kazuo SORAI Kouichi SEBATA Taizoh YOSHINO Noriyuki KURIHARA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2000/02/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (IEICE/IEEE Joint Special Issue on Recent Progress in ATM Technologies)
Category: ATM Switch and System Development
very long baseline interferometry, STM-16/OC-48, data synchronization, virtual telescope,
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The Communications Research Laboratory (CRL), the National Astronomical Observatory (NAO), the Institute of Space and Astronoutical Science (ISAS), and the Telecommunication Network Laboratory Group of Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT) have developed a very-long-baseline-connected-interferometry array, maximum baseline-length was 208 km, using a high-speed asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) network with an AAL1 that corresponds to the constant bit-rate protocol. The very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observed data is transmitted through a 2.488-Gbps [STM-16/OC-48] ATM network instead of being recorded onto magnetic tape. By combining antennas via a high-speed ATM network, a highly-sensitive virtual (radio) telescope system was realized. The system was composed of two real-time VLBI networks: the Key-Stone-Project (KSP) network of CRL (which is used for measuring crustal deformation in the Tokyo metropolitan area), and the OLIVE (optically linked VLBI experiment) network of NAO and ISAS which is used for astronomy (space-VLBI). These networks operated in cooperation with NTT. In order to realize a virtual telescope, the acquired VLBI data were corrected via the ATM networks and were synthesized using the VLBI technique. The cross-correlation processing and data observation were done simultaneously in this system and radio flares on the weak radio source (HR1099) were detected.