A 3 V Low Power 156/622/1244 Mbps CMOS Parallel Clock and Data Recovery Circuit for Optical Communications

Hae-Moon SEO
Chang-Gene WOO
Sang-Won OH
Sung-Wook JUNG
Pyung CHOI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E83-A    No.8    pp.1720-1727
Publication Date: 2000/08/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: General Fundamentals and Boundaries
parallel clock and data recovery,  CMOS,  optical communications,  low power,  

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This paper presents the implementation of a 3 V low power multi-rate of 156, 622, and 1244 Mbps clock and data recovery circuit (CDR) for optical communications tranceiver using new parallel clock recovery architecture based on dual charge-pump PLL. Designed circuit recovers eight-phase clock signals which are one-eighth frequency of the input signal. While the typical system uses the method that compares the input data with recovered clock, the proposed circuit compares a 1/2-bit delayed input data with the serial data generated by the recovered eight-phase clock signals. The advantage of the circuit is that the implementation is easy, since each sub blocks have one-eighth frequency of the input data signal. Morevover, since the circuit works at one-eighth frequency of the input data, it dissipates less power than conventional CMOS recovery circuit. Simulation results show that this recovery circuit can work with power dissipation of less than 40 mW with a single 3 V supply. All the simulations are based on HYUNDAI 0.65 µm N-Well CMOS double-poly double-metal technology.