Motion Estimation with Power Scalability and Its VHDL Model

Ayuko TAKAGI  Shogo MURAMATSU  Hitoshi KIYA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E83-A    No.8    pp.1608-1613
Publication Date: 2000/08/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Digital Signal Processing)
Category: Implementations of Signal Processing Systems
low power,  motion estimation,  MPEG,  less gray level image,  

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In MPEG standard, motion estimation (ME) is used to eliminate the temporal redundancy of video frames. This ME is the most time-consuming task in the encoding of video sequences and is also the one using the most power. Using low-bit images can save power of ME and a conventional architecture fixed to a certain bit width is used for low-bit motion estimator. It is known that there is a trade-off between power and image quality. ME may be used in various situations, and the relation between demands for power or image quality will depend on those circumstances. We therefore developed an architecture for a low-bit motion estimator with adjustable power consumption. In this architecture, we can select the bit width for the input image and adjust the amount of power for ME. To evaluate its effectiveness, we designed the motion estimator by VHDL and used the synthesis results to estimate the performance.