Ultra-Fast Optoelectronic Decision Circuit Using Resonant Tunneling Diodes and a Uni-Traveling-Carrier Photodiode

Kimikazu SANO  Koichi MURATA  Taiichi OTSUJI  Tomoyuki AKEYOSHI  Naofumi SHIMIZU  Masafumi YAMAMOTO  Tadao ISHIBASHI  Eiichi SANO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E82-C   No.9   pp.1638-1646
Publication Date: 1999/09/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Integrated Electronics and New System Paradigms)
Category: Application of Resonant Tunneling Devices
Keyword: 
optoelectronic IC (OEIC),  decision circuit,  resonant tunneling diode,  uni-traveling-carrier photodiode,  SPICE,  lightwave communications,  

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Summary: 
An ultra-fast optoelectronic decision circuit using resonant tunneling diodes (RTD's) and a uni-traveling-carrier photodiode (UTC-PD) is proposed. The circuit employs two cascaded RTD's for ultra-fast logic operation and one UTC-PD that offers a direct optical input interface. This novel configuration is suitable for ultra-fast decision operation. Two types of decision circuits are introduced: a positive-logic type and a negative-logic type. Operations of these circuits were simulated using SPICE with precisely investigated RTD and UTC-PD models. In terms of circuit speed, 40-Gbit/s decision and 80-Gbit/s demultiplexing were expected. Furthermore, the superiority of the negative-logic type in terms of the circuit operating margin and the relationship between input peak photocurrent and effective logic swing were clarified by SPICE simulations. In order to confirm the basic functions of the circuits and the accuracy of the simulations, circuits were fabricated by monolithically integrating InP-based RTD's and UTC-PD's. The circuits successfully exhibited 40-Gbit/s decision operation and 80-Gbit/s demultiplexing operation with less than 10-mW power dissipation. The superiority of the negative-logic type circuit for the circuit operation was confirmed, and the relationship between the input peak photocurrent and the effective logic swing was as predicted.