Adaptive Channel Estimation for Coherent DS-CDMA Mobile Radio Using Time-Multiplexed Pilot and Parallel Pilot Structures

Sadayuki ABETA  Mamoru SAWAHASHI  Fumiyuki ADACHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E82-B   No.9   pp.1505-1513
Publication Date: 1999/09/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Mobile Communication
Keyword: 
adaptive channel estimation,  DS/CDMA,  pilot channel,  coherent RAKE,  

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Summary: 
Adaptive channel estimation filters are presented for coherent DS-CDMA reverse link using time-multiplexed pilot and parallel pilot structures. Fast transmit power control (TPC) is adopted in the reverse link. Fading statistical properties are not preserved when fast TPC is used. When fading is slow, the channel is similar to non-fading channel, but its starts to vary as fading become faster since fast TPC cannot track fading perfectly. A pragmatic approach is used in this paper to derive adaptive channel estimation filter. The filter coefficients are updated based on the measured autocorrelation function of the instantaneous channel estimate. The bit error rate (BER) performance under frequency selective Rayleigh fading is evaluated by computer simulation to show that the adaptive channel estimation filter provides superior performance to the previously proposed non-adaptive WMSA filter.