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An Optoelectronic Clock Recovery Circuit Using a Resonant Tunneling Diode and a Uni-Traveling-Carrier Photodiode
Koichi MURATA Kimikazu SANO Tomoyuki AKEYOSHI Naofumi SHIMIZU Eiichi SANO Masafumi YAMAMOTO Tadao ISHIBASHI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 1999/08/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Joint Special Issue on Recent Progress in Optoelectronics and Communications)
Category: Optical Active Devices and Modules
optoelectronic integrated circuit, clock recovery circuit, resonant tunneling diode, uni-traveling-carrier photodiode, optical communication systems,
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A clock recovery circuit is a key component in optical communication systems. In this paper, an optoelectronic clock recovery circuit is reported that monolithically integrates a resonant tunneling diode (RTD) and a uni-traveling-carrier photodiode (UTC-PD). The circuit is an injection-locked-type RTD oscillator that uses the photo-current generated by the UTC-PD. Fundamental and sub-harmonic clock extraction is confirmed for the first time with good clock recovery circuit characteristics. The IC extracts an electrical 11.55-GHz clock signal from 11.55-Gbit/s RZ optical data streams with the wide locking range of 450 MHz and low power dissipation of 1.3 mW. Furthermore, the extraction of a sub-harmonic clock from 23.1-Gbit/s and 46.2-Gbit/s input data streams is also confirmed in the wider locking range of 600 MHz. The RMS jitter as determined from a single sideband phase noise measurement is extremely low at less than 200 fs in both cases of clock and sub-harmonic clock extraction. To our knowledge, the product of the output power and operating frequency of the circuit is the highest ever reported for injection-locked-type RTD oscillators. These characteristics indicate the feasibility of the optoelectronic clock recovery circuit for use in future ultra-high-speed fully monolithic receivers.