A Deterministic Model for UHF Radio Wave Propagation through Building Windows in Cellular Environments

Honggang ZHANG  Taro HAYASHIDA  Takashi YOSHINO  Shiro ITO  Yoji NAGASAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E82-B   No.6   pp.944-950
Publication Date: 1999/06/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
UHF wave,  propagation,  penetration,  building window,  aperture-field method,  cellular system,  

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Summary: 
This paper develops a deterministic model for evaluating the influence of building windows upon the outdoor-to-indoor propagation path in cellular systems. This prediction model is based on the Aperture-field method of Huygens-Fresnel wave theory. Penetration losses and indoor signal characteristics are analyzed. It is found that the window frames of the building play an important role in determining the indoor field intensities. In order to verify this model's accuracy, numerical results are compared with measurement values. The calculations agree well with the measurements.