Development of a Dual-Frequency Base Station Antenna for Cellular Mobile Radios

Makoto KIJIMA  Yoshio EBINE  Yoshihide YAMADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E82-B    No.4    pp.636-644
Publication Date: 1999/04/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
mobile communication,  base station antenna,  dual frequency,  low sidelobe,  beam tilt,  sector beam,  

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This paper proposes a newly developed dual-frequency antenna for 800 MHz and 1500 MHz band use. A uniformly spaced array configuration, originally designed for a 800 MHz analog system, is extended to yield dual frequencies operations. An important characteristic of a base station antenna is low sidelobe level in order to suppress inter-cell interference. In the case of a uniformly spaced array configuration, sidelobe levels are increased by the emergence of grating lobes at higher frequencies. Electrical beam tilt also degrades the sidelobe level. As does the change in the excitation coefficients of the array elements at higher frequencies. These three factors are studied theoretically to yield practical sidelobe levels. One more important beam characteristic is the sector beam in the horizontal plane. The same beam width in two frequency bands is achieved by designing the novel reflector shape and determining the proper array element positions in front of the reflector. Practical antenna characteristics are confirmed by designing, manufacturing, and testing a base station antenna.