All-Optical Code Division Multiplexing Switching Network Based on Self-Routing Principle

Isamu SAEKI  Shouhei NISHI  Koso MURAKAMI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E82-B   No.2   pp.239-245
Publication Date: 1999/02/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Joint Special Issue on Photonics in Switching: Systems and Devices)
Category: Photonic Networking
all-optical switch,  code division multiplexing,  self-routing network,  FD-BPM,  

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The tera-bit order capacity of ultrahigh-speed and wide-band networks will become necessary to provide highly advanced multimedia services. In conventional networks, electronic circuits limit the speed capability of the networks. Consequently, all-optical networks are essential to realize ultrahigh-speed and wide-band communications. In this paper, we propose the configuration of an all-optical code division multiplexing (CDM) switching network based on self-routing principles and the structure of a nonlinear all-optical switching device as one of the key components for the network. We show that the required performances of the optical devices used in the CDM switching fabric are lower than those used in the TDM and illustrate the basic transmission characteristics of the switching device utilizing FD-BPM. To evaluate the multiplexing performance, we demonstrate the maximum number of channels under an error-free condition and the BER characteristics when the Gold sequence is applied as one of the CDM code sets, and show that the network of the sub-tera-bit order capacity is realizable by adopting TDM, WDM and CDM technologies. We also illustrate the packet assembly method suitable for self-routing transmissions and one of network architectures where the proposed switching fabric can be exploited.